I finished a few books over the last week that I can use towards the cards that have already been identified:
Claiming the card for John Watson
I'm using the Norman biography for this. Not only do the author's initial feature in "Watson" but the subject or main character in this "biography" (using the term loosely), i.e. ACD, was a bona fide doctor:
Claiming the card for Run Over By A Carriage
I'm using Agatha Christie's Five Little Pigs for this one as it satisfies the "written by an English woman author".
Claiming the card for The Hob
Naomi Alderman's The Power is both set in the future and in a dystopian world.